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Mwingi residents cry devil worship after donkeys carcasses mutilated

Mwingi residents were shocked to stumble upon two dead donkeys, whose carcasses were mutilated, on Friday morning Nathan Mwangangi, a...

Friday, 15 September 2017

Mwingi residents cry devil worship after donkeys carcasses mutilated


Mwingi residents were shocked to stumble upon two dead donkeys, whose carcasses were mutilated, on Friday morning
Nathan Mwangangi, a resident of Mateta village in Mwingi Central, asked: "Why do they have to skin the animal and remove some organs? What will they use them for?"
He said they have heard that similar incidents take place in parts of Mwingi West and Rift Valley.
'I think they are devil worshipers,” he said, adding the animals were killed a kilometer apart.
Mwangangi said one of the animals belonged to his cousin Mutemi Mutunga and the other to his uncle Muthui Kiteme.
He said the killers may have performed rituals before leaving.
"There were bottles of soda and soap that they most likely used to wash their hands," he said.
"They disappeared with my wife's skirt and I don’t know their motive. One of my jackets was found here with blood stains. I will just burn them since these people are evil."
Kalisasi area chief Maluki Mangala said it’s unfortunate the owners of the donkeys will suffer financial losses.
He said security officers are pursuing the suspects.
On May 10, donkeys were killed, skinned and their private parts removed in Kavaini, Mwingi West constituency.

A file photo of traffic on a section of Thika Superhighway. /PATRICK VIDIJA
Passenger service vehicles will no longer have access to the Nairobi city centre from September 20.
Mike Sonko's administration has also revoked all Gazette notices and letters that allocated pick-up and drop-off points in the CBD.
The rules in a Gazette notice signed by acting county secretary Leboo ole Morintat are part of radical measures to decongest the town.
The business community had reiterated concerns that the county has allowed matatu operators in the CBD, some outside their premises, interfering with businesses.
Others have complained about hawkers who fill streets during rush hours.
The Nairobi government said it will enforce the PSVs ban with the help of police and the National Transport and Safety Authority.
"Maximum cooperation and compliance is expected from all PSV operators to avoid inconveniences and other consequences," reads part of the notice.
Matatus accessing the CBD through Waiyaki Way, Uhuru Highway, Kipande and Limuru roads will stop at Muranga Road Fig tree terminus A.
All those accessing the CBD from Thika Superhighway, including Kiambu Road up to Ruiru, will stop at Fig tree terminus B.
For PSVs going past Ruiru but branching off before or at Kenol town on Nyeri/Meru-Nairobi road, the Desai road terminus is where they will stop.
The notice further indicates that all vehicles going past Kenol on Nyeri/Meru-Nairobi road and all upcountry buses on Uhuru Highway will be held at Park Road terminus.

Tuesday, 12 September 2017

Supreme Court judges skip opening of House

Chief Justice David Maraga

Chief Justice David Maraga leaves Nairobi Central SDA Church on September 2, 2017 after attending service. He was not present at the opening of the 12th Parliament.

Supreme Court judges were conspicuously absent as President Uhuru Kenyatta addressed the first sitting of the 12th Parliament on Tuesday.
Their rooms (committee rooms 7 and 9 in the National Assembly), where they were supposed to sit before making their way to the gallery, were still empty by the time the President made his way to Parliament Buildings and finally to the National Assembly’s debating chamber.
It was, however, not clear why the judges had been allocated two rooms given they are only seven.
INVITATION
Sources at the Judiciary said the judges were not sent direct invitations by Parliament as they had expected.
The invitations, it was said, were sent through the Registrar of the Judiciary.
National Assembly Speaker Justin Muturi said the invitations were sent to the Registrar of the Judiciary who was supposed to invite the judges to the reopening of Parliament.

“The clerk (to the National Assembly) told me he invited them. They must have written to the Registrar,” he said on the phone.
PETITION JUDGMENT
Asked why they were not sent direct invitations, Mr Muturi said: “We don’t do it that way. I was told they were invited and their seats were reserved on the side where I sat. I wouldn’t want to cast aspersions on them, though.”
The judges are expected to finalise their judgment on the decision that annulled President Kenyatta’s victory on September 1.
They have 21 days from the date they delivered their ruling to finalise their judgment.
REHEARSAL
Security was tight within and outside Parliament Buildings as preparations for the presidential address went on.
Plainclothes officers took over the security of Parliament from the usual parliamentary orderlies.
At around mid-day, Mr Muturi and his Senate colleague Mr Ken Lusaka were taken through a rehearsal on what was expected of them on the President’s arrival.
As has been the case, Mr Muturi is supposed to walk on the President’s right side and Mr Lusaka on the left.
ARRIVAL
Although Mr Muturi is familiar with the proceedings, Mr Lusaka found himself in a new environment and had to be taught how to march with the President.
Mr Lusaka also bowed twice as they entered the chambers after realising that he had been too quick to do the honours.
Deputy President William Ruto arrived outside Parliament Buildings at exactly 2.45 pm.
He was received by the Chief of Defence Forces General Samson Mwathethe and other army generals.
SPEECH
President Kenyatta followed five minutes later. He was received by Gen Mwathethe and his deputy before inspecting the guard of honour mounted by the Kenya Defence Forces on Parliament Road.
At exactly 3.30pm, the President made his speech after prayers from the religious leaders and, by 3.53pm, he had concluded his remarks.
A host of Cabinet Secretaries among them Cleopa Mailu (Health) and Fred Matiang’i (Education) followed the proceedings from the Speaker’s gallery.
Also present were US Ambassador Robert Godec and Ms Sahle-Work Zewde, the director-general of the United Nations Office in Nairobi.
NASA
Mr Alfred Sambu (Webuye West) was one of two Opposition MPs in attendance.
Nasa co-principal Moses Wetang’ula, who is also Bungoma senator, was spotted in the corridors of Parliament before the President’s arrival.
He, however, clarified that the agreement was to boycott the sitting within the chamber.

Pending poll forces President to break tradition

President Uhuru Kenyatta,

President Uhuru Kenyatta, flanked by National Assembly Speaker Justin Muturi (left) and Senate Speaker Ken Lusaka, leaves Parliament Buildings after addressing legislators on September 12, 2017. He told MPs to uphold the supremacy of the Constitution and its institutions.

President Uhuru Kenyatta on Tuesday departed from the traditional role of handing MPs an agenda in his address to the joint sitting, and instead urged them to uphold the supremacy of Constitution and its institutions.
The address, which formally inaugurated the first session of the 12th Parliament, was boycotted by members of the opposition, Nasa, who have questioned the decision by the President to summon the newly elected Parliament after his re-election on August 8 was nullified by the Supreme Court.
LEGISLATIVE AGENDA
Throughout the 30 minute speech, the President defended his fidelity to the Constitution and reiterated his obligation to sustain and protect the peace and security “of all our people without exception”.
But in an unprecedented move, the head of state failed to outline his government’s legislative agenda, leaving the two Houses in a awkward position.
Traditionally, presidents have used their address to a new Parliament to seek support for their legislative agenda besides enumerating their policy proposals and development agenda.
NO VACUUM
But with an election on the horizon, the President chose the middle path, focusing his speech on sovereignty and constitutionalism.

Nasa has described President Kenyatta as enjoying temporary incumbency after the  Supreme Court ruling.
But the President defended the decision to summon Parliament, saying there is no void and assuring the public that every arm of the government is in place and operational. 
“No matter the political noises that are loudest during elections, I want to assure every Kenyan, and the world, there is no void and there is no lacuna; Kenya is progressing along the path drawn for it by the Constitution,” he said.
PEACE
He said his government will not tolerate anyone intent on disrupting the hard-won peace and stability, noting that under no circumstances must Kenyans ever allow a free, competitive process to become a threat to the peace and security of the nation. 
The President reminded the MPs the first two articles of the Constitution declare that the sovereignty of the people is exercised through their elected representatives, and that Parliament represents the diversity of the nation.
“These words represent the hard sacrifices and hopes of generations of Kenyans who fought to earn the right to govern themselves and to freely choose their representatives,” he said.
INTEGRITY
He reminded the 12th Parliament that it had been sworn into office at an important moment that requires the MPs to uphold the supremacy of the Constitution and its institutions, but warned them that they may not always have their way.
“As you well know, we still have to undertake a fresh presidential election following the verdict of the Supreme Court. 
"Even though I strongly disagreed with that decision, I accepted it because of my respect for our Constitution,” he said.
He insisted that he had previously demonstrated this fidelity to the best interests of the Kenyan people, as happened when he conceded the loss of the 2002 General Election and when he heeded the summons from the International Criminal Court even though he knew he was answering trumped-up charges.
PROGRESS
Mr Kenyatta said the country had spent more than two decades crafting a new constitutional order that maps our state organs and processes, and thus provides certainty and predictability to its national life. 
In our current circumstance, the president said, the August 8 elections; the swearing-in of governors, Members of both Parliament and County Assemblies; the verdict of the Supreme Court; the call for repeat election on October 17; his address to parliament and the set term of a president until a new one is sworn in, are all part of Kenya’s laid-down constitutional processes. 
The President said the October 17 presidential election will not be a choice between two individuals but the transfer of the people’s sovereign will to an office that is the symbol of national unity and one that protects national security, both key to delivering development and prosperity.

Apple to remove home button in upcoming high-end iPhone, report says

The home button is headed to the trash bin, if a report by Bloomberg is to be believed. According to the report, Apple is ditching the button to make room for a larger screen in one version of the next iPhone. Instead of a home button, users will perform actions using on-screen gesture controls involving a sort of dock of icons.
If true this would be the biggest change in iPhone design since the launch of the device in 2007.
The home button has been a staple in iPhone design since the beginning. It’s used to wake a device, return to the app grid, and, more recently, for Touch ID fingerprint recognition. All those tasks would be performed differently if removed. However, the Bloomberg report carefully states only the high-end version of the upcoming iPhone is losing the home button, which jibes with other rumors from the past few months.
Instead of pressing a home button, users would interact with a thin software bar that can be moved around for different actions. Drag it to the middle of the screen to open the phone, or if in an app, activate the multitasking menu. Users can change apps or go back to the home screen, Bloomberg says. And it shouldn’t end there. If this report is true, Apple likely has cooked up all sorts of logical interactions for this software bar.
 Apple has been foreshadowing the removal of the home button for some time. For the iPhone 7, it replaced the button with a non-moving version that simulated a click through with tactile response. The iPad also recently gained an app menu reminiscent of OS X’s dock. Bloomberg uses this as an illustration of the upcoming iPhone changes.
This is just part of what’s set to be a radical redesign of the next iPhone. Other rumors state the iPhone could mute notifications when you’re looking at it, include face scanning technology that works even when the phone is on the table, and include a screen that fills the frame of the phone except for a little notch that houses sensors, cameras, and earpiece.
It’s rumored that Apple is preparing to launch three versions of the next iPhone. It’s unlikely all versions will lose the home button for several reasons. The iPhone is Apple’s best-selling device and the removal of the home button is likely to be met with controversy. There’s no reason to rock the boat for everyone. Plus, the high-end version of the next iPhone will likely have much slimmer margins than an upgraded iPhone 7. Apple has long used incremental updates combined with bi-yearly design changes to keep margins healthy and it’s unlikely that will change. However, following this formula, the home button will disappear from all versions in following releases in 2018 or 2019.
Whatever it looks like we’ll be onsite when Apple unveils the next iPhone on September 12 with complete coverage.

Munya ends dalliance with NASA, to support Uhuru in fresh poll

President Uhuru Kenyatta with  former Meru Governor Peter Munya after their meeting at State House in Nairobi, September 12, 2017. /PSCU
President Uhuru Kenyatta with former Meru Governor Peter Munya after their meeting at State House in Nairobi, September 12, 2017. /PSCU
Former Meru Governor Peter Munya has made an about-turn on his allegiance to NASA and will now work with President Uhuru Kenyatta.
This followed a meeting at State House on Tuesday.
In a statement signed by he, PNU secretary general John Anunda and national treasurer Peter Kaberia, Munya said he will support Uhuru in the repeat poll scheduled for October 17.
"It has been agreed that in the interest of the country we support Uhuru. We therefore urge our members to campaign and support Uhuru," he said in a statement.
Munya last week announced he had joined the Opposition coalition and would contest his stolen victory at the courts.
He said he will lead campaigns in Central ahead of NASA chief Raila Odinga's repeat race for the presidency.
But former Senator Kiraitu Murungi, who defeated him in the county chief race, said he has committed political suicide.

Former Bomet Governor Isaac Rutto, who was NASA's fifth principal, also opted to go "back home" to Jubilee.
"I felt lonely. I found myself alone and I have now decided to come back," he said at a Jubilee rally at Kapkatet sports ground in Kericho on Friday.

'No October poll until Chiloba is out': NASA gives IEBC nine fresh demands


NASA chiefs Raila Odinga (ODM), Kalonzo Musyoka (Wiper), Musalia Mudavadi (ANC) and Moses Wetang'ula (Ford Kenya) arrive for a rally in Kibra, Nairobi, September 12, 2017. /DENNIS KAVISU
NASA chiefs Raila Odinga (ODM), Kalonzo Musyoka (Wiper), Musalia Mudavadi (ANC) and Moses Wetang'ula (Ford Kenya) arrive for a rally in Kibra, Nairobi, September 12, 2017. /THE STAR
IEBC treated NASA chiefs with contempt on Tuesday, Raila Odinga has said, reiterating they will not go to the repeat election with the team as currently constituted.
The NASA presidential candidate, DP hopeful Kalonzo Musyoka, Moses Wetang'ula and Musalia Mudavadi had a meeting at the commission earlier today.
Mudavadi said they were given a "strange" document they had never seen before.

Following the 'disappointment', the Opposition coalition has issued the commission with nine conditions for the October 17 pols to take place. They include the removal of CEO Ezra Chiloba for being complicit in processing illegal results in the August polls.
“We have given them conditions, if those conditions are not met there will be no elections on October 17,” Raila said on Tuesday.
"Wasipotoka tutawatoa(If they don't go, we will remove them)."
NASA also wants IEBC to appoint 291 new returning officers for the polls and open its servers as was ordered by the Supreme Court.

NASA supporters listen to chiefs Raila Odinga (ODM), Kalonzo Musyoka (Wiper), Musalia Mudavadi (ANC) and Moses Wetang'ula (Ford Kenya) during a rally in Kibra, Nairobi, September 12, 2017. /DENNIS KAVISU
Speaking at a rally in Kibra, the former Prime Minister said President Uhuru Kenyatta knows he will lose the election and that is why he is planning an impeachment against him in advance.
"Uhuru hapana tishatisha sisi bwana (Do not try to scare us Uhuru)," Raila said.

Raila said IEBC itself admitted that the August polls were rigged going by the memo IEBC chair Wafula Chebukati wrote to Chiloba.
The memo listed 12 issues that the chair wanted Chiloba to respond to concerning the anomalies that befell the August 8 sham polls.
Raila reiterated that he won the elections with a margin of 1.5 million votes.
"UHURU, RUTO LACK SERIOUSNESS"
Kalonzo, who is Wiper leader, said the DPP must move with speed to take action against two individuals who were involved in hacking the IEBC servers.
He identified two culprits only as Mugo and Wamae as the culprits.
"What happened was a fraudulently managed election. And therefore if he does not arrest them he is complicit," Kalonzo said.


NASA supporters listen to chiefs Raila Odinga (ODM), Kalonzo Musyoka (Wiper), Musalia Mudavadi (ANC) and Moses Wetang'ula (Ford Kenya) during a rally in Kibra, Nairobi, September 12, 2017. /DENNIS KAVISU
On the meeting with the IEBC on Tuesday, Kalonzo said Jubilee showed lack of seriousness by sending DP William Ruto to a joint meeting with IEBC yet he is not a presidential candidate.
IEBC had called the meeting to discuss pertinent issues concerning the repeat polls that both coalitions have raised.
Kalonzo said the document the commission handed them outlining the road map to the repeat elections does not address the issues they have raised.
"I want to tell you, Chebukati, the Supreme Court has found you guilty of electoral malpractice, and instead of correcting your mistakes, you are compounding them," Kalonzo said.
NASA principals led by Raila attended the meeting but left after Jubilee failed to show up.
Moments later, however, Ruto, Majority leader Aden Duale and Senator Kipchumba Murkomen showed up.
Ruto said they were late because they were attending a Parliamentary Group Meeting.

"BASELESS THREAT TO IMPEACH RAILA"
NASA chief campaigner Musalia Mudavadi said Uhuru's threat that he will impeach Raila if he wins the polls is baseless.
Mudavadi noted an impeachment motion must have strong constitutional grounds for it to see the light of day.
"So we are telling Uhuru, if the people of Kenya have elected Raila, what crime has he committed for him to be impeached?
"What we are seeing is that Uhuru wants to change the constitution and remove the clause capping the presidential term so that he remains in power forever. We will not accept...we are standing very firm..."

The ANC leader told the President to respect the constitution noting the statement on impeachment was reckless and authoritarian.
"Respect the constitution, respect the people of Kenya. You don't own the people of Kenya," Mudavadi said.
Ford Kenya's Wetang'ula gave credit to Uhuru "for acknowledging Raila will win the election by preparing in advance to impeach him".
"I can assure you, Mr Uhuru, that Raila is not going to commit any crime...he is not going to violate the constitution...he is not going to condone corruption," Wetang'ula said.
The Bungoma Senator urged residents in Western Kenya against agreeing to sell their National ID cards ahead of the repeat elections.
Mudavadi earlier claimed the Jubilee administration was using chiefs to buy ID cards from voters in NASA strongholds.
Nairobi Governor Evans Kidero, Kilifi MP Mishi Mbogo and woman representatives Gladys Wanga (Homa Bay) and Esther Passaris (Nairobi) were among politicians who attended the rally.

Let me share with you a sequence of events that I saw several times in the course of the August 8 general election.
It would begin with an announcement that Jubilee was holding a campaign rally somewhere within Bungoma county. And on that day, we would see about 10 buses, ferrying Jubilee supporters in their classic red T-shirts to the site where the rally was to be held. They would do this over and over again, from morning until around midday. Loud music and dancers would keep the crowd entertained.
By early afternoon, when the rally started, there would be a large crowd on that site, a sea of red. And the media would of course be there to record that “thousands of Jubilee supporters” had turned up to listen to Deputy President William Ruto, or even President Uhuru Kenyatta.
However, a strange thing would happen as soon as the rally was over. As the buses started to shuttle the “supporters” from wherever they had got them, within just 30 minutes, you would find the local shopping centre completely empty. Virtually all the people who had attended the rally would have been shipped back to wherever they had come from, proving they had not been locals at all.
So why would Jubilee go into all that trouble to generate a rented crowd at a political rally, to give the impression they had political support in a place that was most definitely “Ford-Kenya Damu” and where the real voters had categorically declared, “Jubilee tawe (Jubilee never)”.
Well, an ugly scheme lay behind this very expensive effort to create the illusion that Jubilee had support in Bungoma. Have a look at these results:
In Webuye West constituency, there are four wards. Of these, three were won by Ford-K MCA candidates. One seat was won by a Jubilee candidate in highly controversial circumstances.
All the same we are told that the MP is Dan Wanyama of Jubilee. And that Uhuru got a large number of votes in this constituency.
A similar pattern was revealed in Kimilili constituency, where we are told that Didimus Barasa was elected MP. In this case, not a single Jubilee MCA was elected.
Finally, in Sirisia constituency, we are told that the winner was a former junior serviceman of the Kenya Defence Force, who styles himself as “Major” John Waluke. And of the three wards in Sirisia, two were won by Ford-K MCA candidates, and only one was won by Jubilee, again very controversially.
Also, in this constituency, as in others, the total votes cast for MPs was well above those cast for other seats.
Successful campaigns in Kenya begin at the grassroots, with MCAs, who are the leaders closest to the people. When Jubilee only wins three MCA seats, and yet claims to have won parliamentary seats and to have garnered over 100,000 presidential votes, then you know there is something extremely fishy going on.
I would infer that there was a deliberate effort to fraudulently raise the total tally of these MPs, and to subsequently also allot to the Jubilee candidate, Uhuru, an equally fraudulent 100,000 or so votes in Bungoma.
All that shuttling of so-called ‘Jubilee supporters’ during the campaign period was intended all along to create a false impression of support for Jubilee to serve as a cover for the rigging of the parliamentary and presidential votes.
And to cap it all, former Bungoma Governor Ken Lusaka has now been made Speaker of the Senate, supposedly as a ‘thank you’ for getting Uhuru so many votes in Bungoma.
Well, we are headed to a new presidential election, which this time will not allow for any rigging. No votes will be stolen this time round. We will see how many votes Lusaka delivers to Uhuru.

By Tongaren MP and Ford Kenya secretary general, Dr Eseli Simiyu

Corridors of Power

Uhuru
Uhuru Kenyatta
SOME officers at the Office of the President and State House consoled themselves that after the Supreme Court declared the election invalid, null and void, they will make more allowances during the second round of campaigns. The officers are afraid that they might lose their jobs if President Uhuru Kenyatta loses his reelection bid. Our moles say the officers are making hundreds of thousands of shillings weekly in the campaign for being involved at different levels of campaigning.
********
THE insistence by NASA presidential candidate Raila Odinga that NASA will boycott the fresh election set for next month if the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission does not show the door to some top officials, including CEO Ezra Chiloba, seems to be sending a wrong signal to his supporters. A good number of them are of the opinion that the more Raila and his team insist on that line of thought, the more his supporters may not turn up to vote on that day.
SOME senior government officials seem to have another agenda in the bombing of the Boni forest at the Coast. Government top leadership announced plans to bomb the forest in a bid to flush out al Shabaab. But insiders claim it might be a scheme for some people to harvest trees in the forest for commercial purposes. In Somalia, theUN accused KDF of making illicit money through the lucrative charcoal business. It is alleged the badly-thought-out-plan has seen both residents and al Shabaab criminal elements leave the forest ahead of the bombing. Bombing Boni Forest will be a waste of time and destructive, causing a major blow to tourism and the environment sector. Only the precious animals and plants will be killed.
WHAT happened to the NASA Nyanza presidential campaign team? Well, Corridors have learnt that the outfit, whose main agenda in the last polls was purely to preach six-piece for unpopular candidates in the region, has died a natural death. Since the campaigns started for the repeat presidential election, the team, which was all over in funerals and churches, has not planned a single rally. Some NASA supporters were heard dismissing the team, led by Gladys Wanga and Oburu Odinga, as only interested in using Raila Odinga’s name to impose unpopular candidates in Baba’s name.
IT seems the state security machine teams tracking NASA officials are collecting the wrong information against the opposition. On several occasions, the state has responded wrongly to NASA activities. Are they being misguided? For instance, the state prepared for mass action only for NASA leaders to direct their followers to remain calm.

Health ministry denies sterilising women with tetanus vaccine

  A file photo of a Health ministry official receiving a tetanus vaccination from a nurse when the immunization exercise was launched in 2014. /MONICAH MWANGI A file photo of a Health ministry official receiving a tetanus vaccination from a nurse when the immunization exercise was launched in 2014.

The Health ministry has dismissed claims by Raila Odinga that the tetanus vaccine administered to women and young girls in 2014 causes sterilisation.
In a statement on Tuesday, the ministry said the tetanus toxoid vaccine procured by the government from the World Health Organisation pre-qualified firms through Unicef is safe, secure and of high quality.
"The allegations are baseless and lack scientific evidence and has assured women the vaccines are safe, secure and of high quality."
It said that tests were conducted on the vaccine in 2014 in 59 vials sampled and presented to in country and international laboratories for testing and no laces were found.
"The three vials that tested positive were submitted already opened and that cannot be looked at as a reliable representation of the vaccine vials used in the field since anyone could have been contaminated with it,' the statement reads in part.
Raila claimed the tetanus vaccination was a mass sterilisation campaign by the government.
The Opposition leader said the Catholic Church was right in opposing the jab, which has allegedly caused infertility in women betwen 14 and 49 years.

Tetanus Toxoid vaccine was used to immunise about one million women mostly in Northern Kenya late 2014.
The immunization was sponsored by the World Health Organisation and Unicef, and implemented by the Ministry of Health.

War-ravaged South Sudan may scrap expensive oil subsidies

Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) soldiers walk past the Paloch oil field facility in Paloch, Upper Nile State, South Sudan, March 2, 2014. /REUTERS
Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) soldiers walk past the Paloch oil field facility in Paloch, Upper Nile State, South Sudan, March 2, 2014. /REUTERS
War-ravaged South Sudan is considering scrapping state subsidies on oil because it hasn't been able to pay civil servants for four months and diplomatic staff abroad are being evicted over unpaid rent, the deputy finance minister said.
Ending the subsidies would free up desperately needed cash, Mou Ambrose Thiik told Reuters in an interview.
Nearly four years of civil war have destroyed South Sudan's economy. Inflation was at 165 per cent in August, the 21st consecutive month of triple-digit growth. The government depends on oil revenues, but attacks have slashed production to less than a third of pre-war levels.
The government expects to receive $820 million from oil this year. Out of that, $453 million will go to neighbouring Sudan as payment for using its infrastructure for export; $183 million on the oil subsidy; and $166 million is allocated to the budget, which has a gaping deficit.
"We were thinking that we would lift subsidies on the oil and will be able to cover this (deficit) and pay our salaries more easily," said Thiik. "But we have some resistance from the parliament."
Lawmaker Nailo Mayo, the chair of the finance committee, said parliamentarians just wanted more information on who might be affected by ending the subsidies.
“The committee ... is concerned about the social cost, I mean the suffering that could accrue to the poorer section of the community, and also we are afraid of the political cost, that is stability, arising from lack of transport," he said.
State-subsidised oil sells at 22 South Sudanese pounds (SSP) per litre, but severe shortages mean many people buy it on the black market for 300 SSP per litre. The SSP trades at about 17.5 to the dollar on the black market and 17.68 at the central bank.
The process for allocating subsidised fuel, which is purchased with government-issued coupons, is unclear.
South Sudan's conflict began in 2013 after President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, fired his deputy, Riek Machar, a Nuer. The conflict degenerated into ethnic fighting marked by widespread sexual violence.
Out of an original population of 12 million, 4 million have fled their homes. More than half of those who remain in South Sudan need food aid and nearly three-quarters of children are out of school.
Thiik acknowledged social services were dire and said the finance ministry was trying to save money. It wants to reduce the number of embassies by a third, he said, because it is unable to fund them.
"They (embassy staff) didn’t get their salary for seven months and also they have arrears in their premises," he said.
Asked about civil servants who had not been paid for four months, he said: "it is true that we have not secured money to pay salaries."

Parliament to discuss Sh12bn IEBC request for October 17 poll

IEBC chairn Wafula Chebukati addresses the press on the decision to procure elections equipment from French firm Safran Identity & Security, March 24, 2017. /EMMANUEL WANJALA
IEBC chairn Wafula Chebukati addresses the press on the decision to procure elections equipment from French firm Safran Identity & Security, March 24, 2017. /COURTESY
Parliament will on Thursday consider a supplementary budget of Sh11.7 billion for IEBC to conduct the October 17 elections, National Assembly Majority Leader Aden Duale has said.
This is after details emerged over the weekend that the repeat presidential election will cost Sh12 billion with the commission having already written to the National Treasury requesting that the money be released quickly.
The August general election cost tax payers Sh42 billion.
The Supreme Court nullified the presidential election saying it was not conducted with the legal requirements of the Constitution and Election Laws.
With the new budget, IEBC will spend Sh1.49 billion for enhancement of technology, Sh2.39 billion for polling officials’ wages, and Sh1.9 billion for transport at the county levels.
Sh1.3 billion will be spent on acquisition of election materials, including ballot papers, Sh2.9 billion on training of polling officials and hire of equipment during training, while Sh214 million have been earmarked as “tallying centre expenses”.
The electoral agency has set aside Sh136 million on ICT security, Sh147 million on back end and technical support, while Sh516 million would be spent on network and communication.
According to the IEBC budget, Sh2.39 billion will be spent to pay 217,674 temporary staff that will be engaged on October 17.
The IEBC plans to hire 40,883 presiding officers, 40,883 deputy presiding officers, 135,038 clerks, 580 ICT support and 290 constituency logistics assistants.
NASA MPs boycotted the first sitting of the 12th Parliament on Tuesday saying President Uhuru Kenyatta was wrong to call for the session.
The coalition has said the repeat election will not take place unless the IEBC meets fresh demands it has made.

Thursday, 7 September 2017

'It was personal': How Osama plotted revenge on US for breaking up family


Osama bin Laden targeted America when the United States made its pursuit of him "personal" by breaking up his family, a new documentary claims.
The former leader of Al Qaeda became angry because his life was 'turned upside down' when he was forced to leave Sudan in 1996 due to pressure from the US.
According to 'Road to 9/11', his only option was to return to Afghanistan and live in poverty where, stewing in his own rage, he wrote a 12 page declaration of war against America.
His second wife left him and his eldest son returned to their native Saudi Arabia without him, later followed by another wife because she wasn't accustomed to the lifestyle.
The film, airing this week on the History Channel, suggests that for all his ideological hatred of the US, bin Laden was just as upset by the damage done to his own family.
Over nearly five hours, the three part mini series outlines in painstaking detail how the events which led to the September 11, 2001, attacks began at least a decade earlier.
Through 60 interviews with key players it also says that the warning signs were repeatedly missed - and multiple chances to kill bin Laden were not taken.
Road to 9/11 describes how by the mid 1990s bin Laden was trying to find a new target for his loyal mujahideen fighters who had stayed with him since the end of the war against the Soviets in Afghanistan in 1989.
At the time he was living in Sudan where virtually every major terrorist group had a base supported by the extremist regime.
Bin Laden had an office, prestige, land for horses and was living a fairly comfortable life.
The US did not have enough evidence to indict him so the American authorities pressured Sudan to kick him out, and they caved in.
Bin Laden could not go Middle Eastern countries like Iraq, Egypt or even Qatar that was sympathetic to Islamic extremists.
His native Saudi Arabia was not an option as he had criticized its rulers so he had to go to Afghanistan.
According to author Steve Coll, who has written extensively about the bin Laden family, in May 1996 he moved Al Qaeda back to Afghanistan, a country that barely had electricity and was still shattered by the war with the Soviets.
'HE BLAMED THE US'
A journalist who interviewed him was shocked to find a man whose father was once one of the wealthiest men in Saudi Arabia eating stale bread, potato stew and splitting five fried eggs among 14 men.
Coll tells the documentary that bin Laden was 'angry' after one of his wives left and his eldest son went to Saudi Arabia.
Coll says in the film: "He blamed the US not only for all these sins of history and these manipulations of the Islamic world, but now it was personal.
'His own life had been turned upside down by American pursuit of him, American pressure that had forced him out of Sudan and to this broken country again.
'They sent him to Afghanistan thinking surely he will fade from the world scene but the first thing he did after he arrived was to climb up on a mountaintop and write a declaration of war on the United States'.
The 12 page declaration, in which he vowed that America would be 'completely defeated', appears to have been motivated by personal scorn as much as ideology, Coll says.
Examining his beliefs it makes sense; despite spending decades waging jihad, bin Laden often kept his family close to him on the front lines and valued their company immensely.
In total bin Laden had around 20 children and six wives.
It was his second wife, Khadijah Sharif, a university lecturer, who asked for a divorce when he moved back to Afghanistan because she did not want to live in hardship.
His eldest son was Abdallah bin Laden who is still alive today and living in Saudi Arabia.
Bin Laden's first wife was Syrian-born Najwa Ghanem who followed him back to Afghanistan but left days before 9/11 because she found their life in a mud hut in the wilderness too much.
She married bin Laden in 1974 in Syria when he was a wealthy teenager and then an anti-Soviet jihadi hero but could not tolerate it when he returned to Afghanistan.
Bin Laden's other three wives were reportedly with him in his hideout in Pakistan when it was raided by US Special Forces in 2011 and he was killed.
They were his third wife, Khairiah Sabar, whose son Hamza bin Laden has become a terrorist like his father.

Another of bin Laden's sons Saad also joined Al Qaeda and was killed in a US drone strike in 2009.He has become known as the 'Crown Prince of Terror' and in July last year recorded a video message vowing revenge for his father's death.
Bin Laden's fourth wife was Siham Sabar, an Arabic teacher, and his fifth wife was Yemeni Amal al-Sadah who he married in 2000 when she was 15 and he was 43.
All three wives, and 10 of their children, are now living in Saudi Arabia.
The Road to 9/11 says that the pieces that led to the September 11 attacks were like a 'web' that could only be fully appreciated years after the event.
The film says that the danger could be traced back as far as November 1990 with the killing of Israeli Rabbi Meir Kahane in New York.
The killer was El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian immigrant who was the first of a new generation of terrorists on American soil.
He had a story that would become all too familiar in the years to come.
Nosair had been radicalized by an extremist preacher known as the 'Blind Sheik' at the Al Farook mosque in Brooklyn, New York.
The Sheik, Omar Abdel-Rahman, preached hate to what became a terrorist cell that carried out the bombing of the World Trade Center in 1993.
Only after the attacks did the FBI realize that those attending the mosque - who they had under surveillance for months - were responsible.
'CHILLING DETAILS'
The FBI had been watching them go to firing ranges on weekends but without any crime being committed they had been unable to arrest them.
Road to 9/11 has chilling details about a follow up plot hatched by the same men in which explosives would simultaneously go off at New York landmarks: the Holland and Lincoln Tunnels, the Statue of Liberty, several bridges and the United Nations building.
The film shows FBI informant Emad Salem, who infiltrated the cell, standing at the Statue of Liberty on a reconnaissance trip with Siddig Ali, a Sudanese national who was part of the plot.
Salem says in the film: 'We walked in like regular John Does but we had our eyes for the security because we knew that one day we're going to come with a bomb to the weakest spot and blow it up'.
Siddig took Salem's picture and told him: 'It's not going to stand here any more.'
Salem says: 'It was heart-wrenching to look at that statue and look at this man joking about destroying the statue of liberty'.
Road to 9/11 includes camera footage shot by Salem as he and Siddig drove through the Holland tunnel on another reconnaissance mission.
Siddig directed him to point the camera up in the tunnel so they could see the point where they would stop, get out of the car and set off the bomb so that water would rush in and kill everyone.
With Salem's help the FBI rigged up a warehouse for the terrorists to use and recorded them calmly mixing explosive materials.
In one clip they ask each other if they want coffee while planning mass murder and one says: 'Yes but no sugar please'.
he film also features an extraordinary account by Salem of how he got the crucial evidence that led to the prosecution for the planned attack.
The FBI were desperate to get the Blind Sheik on tape and gave Salem a suitcase with a wire in it to record him.
He told the Blind Sheik that they were planning to attack the UN building in New York but the Sheik began to whisper in Salem's left ear that they should find a different target.
Salem feared the wire would not capture the recording so carefully held up the suitcase to his right ear.
The Blind Sheik - who could not see what was happening - told him to attack the US Army instead and, having made the crucial recording, Salem quickly lowered the suitcase to the floor before anyone walked in.
After the plotters were arrested the documents from Nosair's arrest three years earlier were finally translated from Arabic into English and contained a chilling warning that leaped out at the FBI.
It said bluntly: 'We will bring down your high buildings.'

KOT split on black magic as car ‘thieves’ nabbed


A crowd mills around two suspected car thieves who were allegedly caught by supernatural powers in Bamburi, Mombasa on Wednesday, September 6, 2017 / BRIAN OTIENO
No, it was not a scene from a Nollywood movie.
It was happening in Mombasa’s Bamburi area, outside the famous Masters Inn Beer Garden.
Two suspected car thieves had allegedly been rendered insane by some supernatural powers.
According to witnesses, the two were being followed by a snake after stealing a Nissan Fuga.
Spectators were treated to a rare spectacle as the two parked the ‘stolen car’, undressed and bathed in muddy pool.
All the while holding the snake that had followed them. They occasionally appeared to be in conversation with the reptile.
However, police dismissed the matter as a publicity stunt by conmen out to market their black magic services. Detectives in Mombasa said there is no report of the stolen car.
They said police work does not involve unravelling supernatural episodes.
Kisauni police boss Christopher Rotich told the Star on the phone they are investigating whether indeed the vehicle was stolen.
“So far I have not received the complete report from the ground. Once I receive it, I will be able to talk to you,” he said.
A witchdoctor, who claimed credit for ‘recovering the stolen car’, said the owner approached him three days ago

He claims “the genie” who did the work is called Mzee Makaukau, alias Mzee Kauza.“We are now going to clean the stars of the two suspects so they do not steal again,” the self-proclaimed witchdoctor, who identified himself as Dr Taichi from Uganda, said.
“We want to take him back home, because he has done his work. His work is to rectify the oppression that people undergo through the hands of man,” Taichi said.
But Kenyans on Twitter were divided on the matter with some dismissing the whole incident as stage managed to market the services of the ‘fake witchdoctor’.
@PeterNj said on Twitter, “It’s usually stage managed to hoodwink people and attract new vulnerable customers. No big deal.”
@ThePostconner said, “Some of these are just means of advertising sorcery.”
But others claimed it is real witchcraft.
Tony Omondi said, “This is the world we are living in. If there is God, then there is Satan. If there is good, then there is evil.”
But others saw the funny side of the incident, saying the services of the witchdoctor are needed to prevent “electoral theft” in Kenya.
“Election thieves should be caught this way,” Seluyo said.

Crisis as 4 IEBC commissioners defend Chiloba

IEBC CEO Ezra Chiloba (second from right) with some of the commission staff carry some of forms 34 A,B and C which IEBC filed at the Supreme court by on Tuesday,August 22./COURTESY
IEBC is facing a crisis after four commissioners rejected changes by Chairman Wafula Chebukati to “clean up” the commission ahead of next month’s presidential poll rerun.
Chebukati has called a plenary meeting this morning to discuss emerging issues and plans for the October 17 polls ordered by the Supreme Court.
Before making the changes on Tuesday, Chebukati consulted extensively with staff members and other election experts. On Monday he tried without success to get the six commissioners to accept his plan.
Vice chair Consolata Nkatha, commissioners Abdi Guliye, Paul Kurgat and Molu Boya reportedly objected to the “clean up” plans, which involved dismissal, and defended CEO Ezra Chiloba and the secretariat.
Chebukati was supported by commissioners Roseline Akombe and Margaret Wanjala.
“The chairman believes from his own investigations, he knows what went wrong with the August 8 polls that attracted a stinging rebuke from the Supreme Court, and that he can fix it. But other commissioners think he is acting too fast,” a senior IEBC official familiar with the developments told the Star.
Yesterday President Uhuru Kenyatta’s Jubilee party rejected the changes and NASA insisted the personnel changes did not go far enough. “Given the fact that acts of commission or omission that rendered the elections null and void originated from the IEBC staff, we hereby register our strong objection to the deployment of the above to be in a position to run the process,” Jubilee Secretary General Raphael Tuju said.
The Opposition NASA, which has been pushing for the dismissal of top electoral chiefs, including CEO Chiloba, dismissed Chebukati’s changes as inconsequential.
“Chebukati should not think people are fools. You appoint people to a project and don’t tell us the status of Chiloba and others who messed up the elections,” ODM Director of Elections Junet Mohamed said.
The Star has established the behind-the-scene intrigues and boardroom wars that culminated in the unveiling of the six-member project team on Tuesday evening.
Earlier on Tuesday, four of the seven commissioners resisted a radical purge which they termed irregular and illegal.
“On what grounds are we to dismiss the officers?” one commissioner reportedly asked the chairman. Other commissioners insisted they should await the Supreme Court’s detailed judgment of what went wrong in the August 8 vote, tallying and transmission.
The four commissioners shot down Chebukati’s proposal to remove Chiloba, deputy CEO Betty Nyabuto and Director of Voter Registration Immaculate Kassait.
Others are Director Legal Services Praxedes Tororey and ICT Director James Muhati.
The vehement resistance denied Chebukati the majority necessary to adopt his far-reaching changes, forcing him to devise a new strategy.
After the standoff at the meeting on Tuesday afternoon at Ole Sereni Hotel, Chebukati and Akombe retreated and emerged with a strategy on the rerun.
This involved sidelining the embattled staff, initially to be sacked, and bringing on board a parallel team of county coordinators to replace them.

Chebukati, a lawyer, quoted the law, which he said allowed him to realign election officials.“I hear you, commissioners, but in my opinion and that of my colleague this is the best way to navigate this situation and restore public confidence,” Chebukati is reported to have said.
“As the National Returning Officer, I wish to assure all Kenyans of my commitment to ensure this fresh presidential election is done in accordance with the Constitution, the relevant laws and that it reflects the sovereign will of the Kenyan people,” Chebukati said in media statement on Tuesday.
In a manouever to sidestep Chiloba, Chebukati named one of the deputy CEOs Marjan Hussein, as project coordinator of the new elections. This puts Hussein directly in charge of all electoral processes, including staff supervision, for three months.
Chebukati also named Kisii County Election Coordinator Sidney Namulungu as head of operations, a critical role previously under Deputy CEO Betty Nyabuto.
Mombasa County Coordinator Nancy Kariuki was elevated to head of logistics, taking over from director of Elections and Voter Rgistration Immaculate Kassait.
Kitui County Returning Officer Albert Gogo takes over the critical ICT docket from James Muhati whose tenure has been plagued by controversies.
Chebukati said the new ICT boss will be directly answerable to him, in a change of tack after claims the election transmission system was hacked and results changed.
Silas Rotich was moved from Nakuru county to take charge of the National Tallying Centre, while Salome Oyugi was named new Legal Services director.
But Jubilee singled out Marjan and eight other staff whom they claimed to be partisan said must not be in charge of the poll.
These include Oyugi, Head of Investigations Chrispine Owiye and Manager of Corporate Servoces Tabitha Mutemi. Others are Joyce Ekuam, Limus Onyango, Caroline Manyange, Joseph Ayatta and Deciman Mmayi.
Raila Odinga’s NASA team had also named seven officials whom they claimed bungled the General Election.
Yesterday, Raila and his co-principals were to meet the IEBC chiefs and the staffing issue was expected to feature prominently.
NASA has issued a raft of demands before taking part in the new election and has threatened a boycott. It demands a full audit of the technology deployed in the election, review of the poll register and polling stations.
The opposition leader, who successfully challenged Uhuru’s reelection, also wants the IEBC to set up a technical monitoring committee with representatives from the main parties to provide oversight for electoral preparations.
On Friday last week, the Supreme Court declared Uhuru’s reelection null and void, citing “irregularities and illegalities”. It ordered a rerun.
This was the first time an African court overturned the election of a sitting President.

Kenyan don wins African Food award


Prof Ruth Oniang'o(left) and MmeMaimouna Coulibali of Mali have jointly won the award./COURTESY
A Kenyan professor has won this year’s African Food Prize.
Two women, Prof Ruth Oniang’o and MmeMaimouna Coulibali of Mali, have jointly won the award, which was announced yesterday at the ongoing African Green Revolution Forum in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire.
Oniang’o is the founder and leader of the Rural Outreach Programme, a Kenya-based NGO that supports farmer groups engaged in production and agro-processing at community level.
She is also the editor-in-chief and founder of the African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development.
Oniang’o served as lecturer and professor of food science and nutrition at the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology from 1990 to 1996.

The women will take over from the former president of the International Fund for Agriculture Development Dr Kanayo Nwanze, who was last year’s winner.She holds a doctorate in food science and nutrition from the University of Nairobi.
According to the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, 643 outstanding individuals, projects and institutions were considered this year.
The nominations came from more than 20 African countries in Africa. Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Mali and Botswana had the highest number of nominees.

Wednesday, 6 September 2017

Ex-Gatundu North MP Waibara cites witchcraft in petition against Ann Kibe


Former Gatundu North MP Clement Waibara has filed a petition at the Kiambu High Court seeking to annul the election of Ann Kibe.

In his affidavit, the politician alleges the incumbent legislator used witchcraft to scare voters into backing her bid in last month's poll.

He says there was no proper collation, tallying and tabulation of the results so they were neither accurate nor verifiable.

Waibara further stated on Tuesday that poll officials did not display Forms 35A for his agents to verify and cross-check the results.

He adds most polling stations were not properly lit during tallying and that agents were forced to use flashlights on their phones.

The politician also claims there were cases of threats and violence which he argues undermined voters' ability to take part in the exercise.

"The election was marred by a systemic failure of technology as most voter's fingerprints could not be read by the KIEMS gadgets."

Waibara wants the court to declare he was the validly elected Gatundu North MP in the August 8 general election.

He also wants the court to declare that an electoral malpractice of criminal nature occurred, creating the need for a fresh poll.

"There was no justice for Gatundu North residents since pre-marked ballot papers were stuffed in boxes after voting closed," he said.

"As far as I know, there was no election in Gatundu North especially after fake ballot papers were recovered in a thicket and in dustbins."

He said the documents, recovered by police on August 20, bore official IEBC stamps.

"I have confidence that after my evidence is presented in court, the whole country will be shocked about what happened," Waibara said.

The petitioner emerged second in the race which attracted seven candidates fighting out for the constituency's 67,958 registered voters.

Student,14, to appear in court over Moi Girls arson

A girl believed to have started a fire that killed her nine colleagues at Moi Girls in Nairobi will be arraigned this morning.
Police are likely to seek more time to detain the 14-year-old form one student in order to complete investigations into the matter.
Preliminary probe has shown that the fire started from her bed.
More than a dozen students grilled over the incident have mentioned her as the key suspect.
"The teenage student in question was earlier suspended from school over indiscipline, she was even walking with a matchbox in the school," one of the officers investigating the case said.
Preliminary police findings also show the young girl had threatened to "cause something horrific" after her parents declined to move her from the institution.
She allegedly tried to commit suicide after being suspended but she was later readmitted by the school management.
Arson is to blame for the Moi Girls' fire that claimed nine lives, Education CS Fred Matiang'i said on Monday.
Matiang'i, who doubles as the acting Interior CS, said this was the conclusion after thorough investigations by police.
"It was not an accident, it was arson," he said following the incident during which seven pupils were killed.
He said two out of 10 injured students later succumbed to their injuries.

Tuesday, 5 September 2017

“I was Not Consulted”.Raila Odinga Rejects IEBC Presidential Election Date


NASA presidential candidate Raila Odinga has rejected the date set for presidential elections, saying he was not consulted.
The NASA leader said IEBC must first be restructured before the election is conducted, adding that if the current IEBC is allowed to conduct the upcoming election it might mess it up.
“I was not consulted on the election date. We will not allow the current IEBC to conduct the elections-they can be compromised”, said the former Prime Minister.
He also added that even if KCPE and KCSE results are postponed, the students will still sit for the same.
IEBC has scheduled the election for 17/10/2017,the same date KCSE was set to begin.

Monday, 8 May 2017

WE SHALL LIVE, BECAUSE JESUS LIVES

My vocabulary is much wider than that of my sons because, as a boy, there are some things that I saw, felt and tasted that no longer exist; they have become extinct.

As little children, we ate fruits growing naturally such as 'chingayu', 'burwa', 'chifutu', 'chikhomeli', 'busalamalwa', 'kamasalina', 'busemwa', 'busangura', 'chinduli' and 'kamakomosi'.

My father had a fairly large piece of land part of which was for many years uncultivated. We hunted for hares and squirrels and set traps for edible birds. We would also attempt to shoot them using catapults. We also caught and roasted grasshoppers ('kamatete nambararwe').

But today most of those plants are out of existence; they have become extinct. And so my sons do not k ow them; they have never seen them or, even, heard of them.

My father had some cattle that my brothers and I would look after in turns. We would graze them in our fields as well as the fields around River Mabuusi. We would also graze in some of our neighbours' fields, for, in those days, people had large tracts of uncultivated land and they didn't care so much about our encroaching on their land.

Today, however, my sons don't know what it is like to look after cattle. My family and I live on a one-acre piece of land. It is difficult to know what it will be like to be alive on planet earth fifty to seventy years from now. But I do know that, for as long as the world does not end, and for as long as the LORD Jesus tarries, God will always equip us with ideas and skills to adapt to our ever changing environment and to cope with a much more challenging lifestyle.

In the olden days, in the Traditional African Society, wealth was valued in terms of the size of one's land, the size of one's livestock and the number of wives and children one had. Life was largely communal and people worked together as a family and as a community and freely shared were they had. In most African communities, generosity and hospitality were highly prized  and the unwritten code at work seemed to be: 'What I have is yours and what you have is mine. You are because I am and when I am rich, you are rich and when I am poor, you are poor'.

Today, among most of the world's communities, wealth is largely valued in terms of one's assets as well as the amount of money one has in one's bank account. We live in a predominantly capitalist world where the unwritten code at work seems to be, 'Everybody for himself and God for us'. Strictly speaking, life isn't communal anymore. The slogan at work today seems to be, 'I, me and myself'. Today, everybody must work hard and become financially independent to survive in today's world.

True, we are still obliged to help the needy and the weak in our midst but should anyone of us have a problem that requires finances to sort it out, help from relatives, friends and neighbours isn't guaranteed. They are not under compulsion to help at all and should anyone choose to help, it would be out of a free will and not a sense of duty.

Today, even forcing a way through a neighbour's piece of land is considered 'trespass' and you could be sued.

It has been said, 'Necessity is the mother of invention'. That a need can cause you to become creative and innovative and to invent ways of overcoming the need. If, for instance, your greatest need is extreme cold, you are likely to invent heavy clothes to keep you warm and a house heater to keep the house warm.

The good news is that Jesus, our Creator, is alive for evermore and as long as He lives, we shall live. As long as Jesus is on the throne, and as long as the world does not end, we will continue to live in houses, to grow crops and eat and drink. For the LORD is our Shepherd and we shall not want.

Everything can change. Fashions come and go. Seasons come and go. But Jesus is the same for ever and He changes not. Hebrews 13: 8. We see in Malachi 3: 6 that the LORD does not change and in Isaiah 40: 8 and 1 Peter 1: 25 that the Word of God endures for ever.

Where there is faith, there is no fear; for faith gives us victory over the world. As the Scripture says, 'Everyone who believes in Jesus overcomes the world'.